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Organisasi Industri [6] October 18, 2008

Posted by desrinda in Organisasi Industri.
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Kuliah ke-6 dalam semester ini, Pak Yuri membahas Bab 16-nya Robbins.

Teori-teori motivasi yang kami diskusikan:

1. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

2. McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y

Theory X
Assumes that workers have little ambition, dislike work, avoid responsibility, and require close supervision.
Theory Y
Assumes that workers can exercise self-direction, desire responsibility, and like to work.

 

3. Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory

Job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction are created by different factors.
Hygiene factors: extrinsic (environmental) factors that create job dissatisfaction.
Motivators: intrinsic (psychological) factors that create job satisfaction.

Contemporary Theories:
- Three-Needs Theory
- Goal-Setting Theory
- Reinforcement Theory
- Designing Motivating Jobs
- Equity Theory
- Expectancy Theory

Terms on “job” have been learned so far:
Job specification => related to qualification
Job analysis => how one’s doing the job
Job description => detailing one’s responsibility + authority
Job design => a way to motivate employee

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